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This Day in History!

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Q&A site for history [09 Oct 2010|09:32pm]

sevastnikon
Stack Exchange might open a question & answer site on history. The format will be similar to, e.g., Math Overflow. The site will be created if enough people promise to participate. So if you interested, please go here and click on "Commit".
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[31 Aug 2007|11:43pm]

no_chienne
( On this day ten years ago... )
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A Useful Link for February 23rd [23 Feb 2007|08:20pm]

rlanshire

Oh my, I see the last entry was made last year by a friend of mine.  

I'll post a direct link to the History Channel's website so that you could see for yourself what occurred on this date in history.

http://www.history.com/tdih.do?action=tdihVideoYear&id=6816

When you click on a particular topic, you'll be taken to another page that will explain the event in more depth.  This is good for homeschooling teachers, trivia buffs and all students who need to know what happened on this date.





    

 

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Events in History that occured on April 22nd [22 Apr 2006|09:20pm]

kalicokitty
In 687 B.C., the Chinese record a meteor shower in Lyra.

In 1500, Pedro Alvarez Cabral discovered Brazil and claimed it for Portugal.

In 1509, King Henry VII of England died. His son, Henry VIII, ascended the throne to become King of England.

In 1861, Robert E. Lee was named the leader of the Virginia Confederate forces.

In 1864, the motto "In God We Trust" first appeared on American coinage.

In 1876, the first National League baseball game was played in Philadelphia. The Boston Braves beat the Philadelphia Athletics 6-5.

In 1889, the Oklahoma land rush began.

In 1915, the Germans introduced poison gas. 150 tons of lethal chlorine gas was fired at French colonial forces at Ypres.

In 1945, Hitler admitted defeat (in his bunker) when he was informed by one of his generals that there were no defenses against the Russians at Eberswalde.

In 1954, Senator Joseph McCarthy began his hearings against the United States Army because he felt they were "too soft on Communism".

In 1970, the first Earth Day was celebrated in communities across the U.S.

In 1976, Barbara Walters signed a $5 million contract with ABC. This made her the first news anchorwoman in network history and the highest paid TV journalist to date.
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Events in history that occurred on April 20th: [20 Apr 2006|05:25am]

kalicokitty
In 1689, James II (the former British king) began the siege of Londonderry.

In 1841, the first detective story was published by Edgar Allen Poe. The name of the story was "The Murders in the Rue Morgue" and it first appeared in the "Graham's Lady's and Gentleman's Magazine".

In 1861, Colonel Robert E. Lee resigned from the United States army two days after he was offered command of the Union army and three days after his native state, Virginia, seceded from the Union.

In 1871, the United States Congress passed the Ku Klux Klan Act. This act authorized President Grant to declare martial law on, impose heavy penalties on and use military force to supress the Klan.

In 1902, Pierre and Marie Curie successfully isolated radioactive radium salts from the mineral pitchblende in their laboratory in Paris.

In 1906, San Francisco firefighters were finally able to stop the blaze that ravaged the city following the massive earthquake that had happened two days before.

In 1931, Matilda Dodge Wilson was named to the board of the Graham-Paige Motors Corporation. This made her the first woman to sit on the board of a major American auto-manufacturer.

In 1978, the Soviet Union forced a Korean Air Lines jet to land in the Soviet Union after the jet accidentally veered into Russian air space.

In 1999, the Columbine High School massacre occurred.

That's all for now! :)
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You say you want a revolution [26 Mar 2006|01:37pm]

punkiejeannien
On March 26, 1979, the Camp David peace treaty was signed by Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin and Egyptian President Anwar Sadat at the White House.
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[23 Feb 2006|05:26pm]

poisonous
[ mood | anxious ]

1847: About 5000 American troops commanded by General Zachary Taylor defeat some 15,000 Mexicans under General Antonio López de Santa Anna near Buena Vista, Mexico.

1870: Mississippi is formally readmitted to the Union.
Learn more about the history of Mississippi.

1934: Casey Stengel, who had previously been the team's coach, becomes the manager of the Brooklyn Dodgers.
Learn more about Casey Stengel.

1940: The Walt Disney animated motion picture Pinocchio, about a wooden puppet who longs to become human, is released.

1945: U.S. Marines capture the highest point on the island of Iwo Jima and raise the American flag for the second time that day.
Learn more about the Battle of Iwo Jima.

1997: Scottish scientists announce what they have kept secret for seven months: that they have cloned adult sheep DNA and produced a healthy sheep who they have named Dolly.
Learn more about cloning.
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September 22nd, 1776 - Nathan Hale is Executed. [22 Sep 2005|08:04pm]

pystalitis
[ mood | oh yeah, I remember! ]

Nathan Hale

On September 22, 1776, American patriot Nathan Hale was hanged for spying on British troops. As he was lead to the gallows, Hale proclaimed his famous last words —"I only regret that I have but one life to lose for my country." Read more...

Other links:

Wikipedia

The Connecticut Society of the Sons of the American Revolution

American Revolution.com

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Sakura, sakura [06 Aug 2005|03:34pm]

punkiejeannien
[ mood | bored ]

On Aug. 6, 1945, the United States dropped an atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan, during World War II, killing an estimated 140,000 people in the first use of a nuclear weapon in warfare.

NYT Front Page

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O'CONNOR NOMINATED TO SUPREME COURT: July 7, 1981 [07 Jul 2005|12:05pm]

pystalitis
[ mood | working ]

President Ronald Reagan nominates Sandra Day O'Connor, an Arizona court of appeals judge, to be the first woman Supreme Court justice in U.S. history. On September 21, the Senate unanimously approved her appointment to the nation's highest court, and on September 25 she was sworn in by Chief Justice Warren Burger.

Sandra Day was born in El Paso, Texas, in 1930. She grew up on her family's cattle ranch in southeastern Arizona and attended Stanford University, where she studied economics. A legal dispute over her family's ranch stirred her interest in law, and in 1950 she enrolled in Stanford Law School. She took just two years to receive her law degree and was ranked near the top of her class. Upon graduation, she married John Jay O'Connor III, a classmate.

Because she was a woman, no law firm she applied to would hire her for a suitable position, so she turned to the public sector and found work as a deputy county attorney for San Mateo, California. In 1953, her husband was drafted into the U.S. Army as a judge, and the O'Connors lived for three years in West Germany, with Sandra working as a civilian lawyer for the army. In 1957, they returned to the United States and settled down in Phoenix, Arizona, where they had three children in the six years that followed. During this time, O'Connor started a private law firm with a partner and became involved in numerous volunteer activities.

In 1965, she became an assistant attorney general for Arizona and in 1969 was appointed to the Arizona State Senate to occupy a vacant seat. Subsequently elected and reelected to the seat, she became the first woman in the United States to hold the position of majority leader in a state senate. In 1974, she was elected a superior court judge in Maricopa County and in 1979 was appointed to the Arizona Court of Appeals by Governor Bruce Babbitt, a Democrat.

Two years later, on July 7, 1981, President Reagan nominated her to the Supreme Court to fill the seat of retiring justice Stewart Potter, an Eisenhower appointee. In his 1980 presidential campaign, Reagan had promised to appoint a woman to the high court at one of his earliest opportunities, and he chose O'Connor out of a group of some two dozen male and female candidates to be his first appointee to the high court.

O'Connor, known as a moderate conservative, faced opposition from anti-abortion groups who criticized her judicial defense of legalized abortion on several occasions. Liberals celebrated the appointment of a woman to the Supreme Court but were critical of some of her views. Nevertheless, at the end of her confirmation hearings on Capitol Hill, the Senate voted unanimously to endorse her nomination. On September 25, 1981, she was sworn in as the 102nd justice--and first woman justice--in Supreme Court history.

Initially regarded as a member of the court's conservative faction, she later emerged from William Rehnquist's shadow (chief justice from 1986) as a moderate and pragmatic conservative. On social issues, she often votes with liberal justices, and in several cases she has upheld abortion rights. She is known for her dispassionate and carefully researched opinions on the bench and is regarded as a prominent justice because of her tendency to moderate the sharply divided Supreme Court.

--Taken from The History Channel

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this day, quite a long time ago! [24 Jun 2005|08:29pm]

anybodyanywhere
One of the most dramatic standoffs in the history of the Cold War begins as the Soviet Union blocks all road and rail traffic to and from West Berlin. The blockade turned out to be a terrible diplomatic move by the Soviets, while the United States emerged from the confrontation with renewed purpose and confidence.

Following World War II, Germany was divided into occupation zones. The United States, Great Britain, the Soviet Union, and, eventually, France, were given specific zones to occupy in which they were to accept the surrender of Nazi forces and restore order. The Soviet Union occupied most of eastern Germany, while the other Allied nations occupied western Germany. The German capital of Berlin was similarly divided into four zones of occupation. Almost immediately, differences between the United States and the Soviet Union surfaced. The Soviets sought huge reparations from Germany in the form of money, industrial equipment, and resources. The Russians also made it clear that they desired a neutral and disarmed Germany. The United States saw things in quite a different way. American officials believed that the economic recovery of Western Europe was dependent on a strong, reunified Germany. They also felt that only a rearmed Germany could stand as a bulwark against Soviet expansion into Western Europe. In May 1946, the Americans stopped reparations shipments from their zone to the Soviets. In December, the British and Americans combined their zones; the French joined some months later. The Soviets viewed these actions as a threat and issued more demands for a say in the economic future of Germany. On June 22, 1948, negotiations between the Soviets, Americans, and British broke down. On June 24, Soviet forces blocked the roads and railroad lines into West Berlin.

American officials were furious, and some in the administration of President Harry S. Truman argued that the time for diplomacy with the Soviets was over. For a few tense days, the world waited to see whether the United States and Soviet Union would come to blows. In West Berlin, panic began to set in as its population worried about shortages of food, water, and medical aid. The United States response came just two days after the Soviets began their blockade. A massive airlift of supplies into West Berlin was undertaken in what was to become one of the greatest logistical efforts in history. For the Soviets, the escapade quickly became a diplomatic embarrassment. Russia looked like an international bully that was trying to starve men, women, and children into submission. And the successful American airlift merely served to accentuate the technological superiority of the United States over the Soviet Union. On May 12, 1949, the Soviets officially ended the blockade.

(article comes from The History Channel's 'This Day in History' feature. i suggest everyone have a look at it if you haven't. very interesting things are posted there)
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Too long in the wind [13 Jun 2005|11:48am]

punkiejeannien
[ mood | groggy ]

On June 13, 1966, the Supreme Court issued its landmark Miranda vs. Arizona decision, ruling that criminal suspects must be informed of their constitutional rights prior to questioning by police

-NYT

Miranda Rights

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[31 May 2005|12:57am]

sitaangel
1862 Battle of Seven Pines (Fair Oaks), Virginia

Confederate forces strike Union troops in the Pen insular campaign. During May 1862, the Army of the Potomac, under the command of George B. McClellan, slowly advanced up the James Peninsula after sailing down the Chesapeake Bay by boat. Confederate commander Joseph Johnston had been cautiously backing his troops up the peninsula in the face of the larger Union force, giving ground until he was in the Richmond perimeter. When the Rebels had backed up to the capital, Johnston sought an opportunity to attack McClellan and halt his advance.

1887 George Goodfellow investigates earthquake

Reflecting a scientific spirit that was rare among frontier physicians, Tombstone doctor George Goodfellow rushes south to investigate an earthquake in Mexico. Though keenly interested in earthquakes, Goodfellow is best remembered today for being one of the nation's leading experts on the treatment of gunshot wounds, a condition he had many opportunities to study in the wild mining town of Tombstone, Arizona.

1889 THE JOHNSTOWN FLOOD:

In a river valley in central Pennsylvania, heavy rain and a neglected dam lead to a catastrophe in which 2,209 people die and a prosperous city, Johnstown, is nearly wiped off the face of the earth.

1902 The Boer War ends

In Pretoria, representatives of Great Britain and the Boer states sign the Treaty of Vereeniging, officially ending the three-and-a-half-year South African Boer War.

1941 Germans conquer Crete

On this day in 1941, the last of the Allies evacuate after 11 days of battling a successful German parachute invasion of the island of Crete. Crete is now Axis-occupied territory.

1962 Architect of the Holocaust hanged in Israel

Near Tel Aviv, Israel, Adolf Eichmann, the Nazi SS officer who organized Adolf Hitler's "final solution of the Jewish question," was executed for his crimes against humanity.

1996 Netanyahu elected prime minister of Israel

In what was regarded as a setback for the Middle East peace process, Israeli Prime Minister Shimon Peres is narrowly defeated in national elections by Likud Party leader Benjamin Netanyahu. Peres, leader of the Labor Party, became prime minister in 1995 after Yitzhak Rabin was assassinated by a right-wing Jewish extremist.

Born On This Day

~ Walt Whitman 1819-1892
~ Fred Allen 1894-1956
~ Edward Bennett Williams 1920-1988
~ Clint Eastwood 1930-
~ Joe Namath 1943-
~ Brooke Shields 1965-
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[29 May 2005|04:33pm]

sitaangel
1843 Fremont begins his second western expedition

John C. Fremont again departs from St. Louis to explore the West, having only recently returned from his first western expedition.


1848 Wisconsin enters the Union

Following approval of statehood by the territory's citizens, Wisconsin enters the Union as the 30th state.


1864 Union troops reach Totopotomoy Creek, Virginia

Union troops lose another foot race with the Confederates in a minor stop on the long and terrible campaign between Ulysses S. Grant's Army of the Potomac and Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia. During the entire month of May 1864, Grant and Lee had pounded each other along an arc swinging from the Wilderness forest south to the James River. After fighting in the Wilderness, Grant moved south to Spotsylvania Court House to place his army between Lee and Richmond. Predicting his move, Lee marched James Longstreet's corps through the night and beat the Federals to the strategic crossroads.


1914 The sinking of the Empress of Ireland

In one of the worst ship disasters in history, the British liner Empress of Ireland, carrying 1,477 passengers and crew, collides with the Norwegian freighter Storstad in the gulf of Canada's St. Lawrence River. The Storstad penetrated 15 feet into the Empress of Ireland's starboard side, and the vessel sunk within 14 minutes, drowning 1,012 of its passengers and crew.

1932 Bonus Marchers arrive in Washington

At the height of the Great Depression, the so-called "Bonus Expeditionary Force," a group of 1,000 World War I veterans seeking cash payments for their veterans' bonus certificates, arrive in Washington, D.C. One month later, other veteran groups spontaneously made their way to the nation's capital, swelling the Bonus Marchers to nearly 20,000 strong, most of them unemployed veterans in desperate financial straits. Camping in vacant government buildings and in open fields made available by District of Columbia Police Chief Pelham D. Glassford, they demanded passage of the veterans' payment bill introduced by Representative Wright Patman.


1953 MEN REACH EVEREST SUMMIT

At 11:30 a.m. on May 29, 1953, Edmund Hillary of New Zealand and Tenzing Norgay, a Sherpa of Nepal, become the first explorers to reach the summit of Mount Everest, which at 29,035 feet above sea level is the highest point on earth. The two, part of a British expedition, made their final assault on the summit after spending a fitful night at 27,900 feet. News of their achievement broke around the world on June 2, the day of Queen Elizabeth II's coronation, and Britons hailed it as a good omen for their country's future.

1972 United States and USSR issue a joint communique

In a joint communique issued by the United States and the Soviet Union following the conclusion of summit talks with General Secretary Leonid Brezhnev during President Richard Nixon's visit to Moscow (the first visit ever by an U.S. president), both countries set forth their standard positions on Vietnam. The United States insisted that the future of South Vietnam should be left to the South Vietnamese without interference. The Soviet Union insisted on a withdrawal of U.S. and Allied forces from South Vietnam and an end to the bombing of North Vietnam.

Born on this day

~ Patrick Henry 1736-1799
~ G.K. Chesterton 1874-1936
~ Bob Hope 1903-
~ Annette Bening 1958-
~ Melissa Etheridge 1961-

~ T.H. White 1906-1964

On this day in 1906, Terence Hanbury White is born in Bombay, India, to English parents employed by the British civil service.

White attended Cambridge, where he published a book of poems. He taught school for six years until his autobiographical work England Have My Bones (1936) gained critical success. He quit teaching to write full time and became increasingly reclusive. He studied medieval history and wrote books about hunting, fishing, and animals. In 1939, he published the enormously successful The Sword in the Stone, a retelling of the legends of King Arthur, which became a U.S. Book-of-the-Month Club selection. He published four more books in the Arthurian saga during the next several years. In 1958, the volumes were collected in The Once and Future King.

White died aboard a ship in Athens in 1964. After his death, the final volume of the King Arthur series was found among his papers and published in 1977 as The Book of Merlyn.
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[28 May 2005|12:13am]

sitaangel
1754 FIRST BLOOD OF THE FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR:

In the first engagement of the French and Indian War, a Virginia militia under 22-year-old Lieutenant Colonel George Washington defeats a French reconnaissance party in southwestern Pennsylvania. In a surprise attack, the Virginians killed 10 French soldiers from Fort Duquesne, including the French commander, Coulon de Jumonville, and took 21 prisoners. Only one of Washington's men was killed.

1863 The 54th Massachusetts leaves Boston

The 54th Massachusetts Infantry, the most famous African-American regiment of the war, leaves Boston for combat in the South. For the first two years of the war, President Abraham Lincoln resisted the use of black troops despite the pleas of men such as Frederick Douglass, who argued that no one had more to fight for than African Americans. Lincoln finally endorsed, albeit timidly, the introduction of blacks for service in the military in the Emancipation Proclamation. On May 22, 1863, the War Department established the Bureau of Colored Troops to recruit and assemble black regiments. Many blacks, often freed or escaped slaves, joined the military and found themselves usually under white leadership. Ninety percent of all officers in the United States Colored Troops (USCT) were white.

1902 The Virginian is published

Owen Wister's The Virginian is published by Macmillan Press. It was the first "serious" Western and one of the most influential in the genre.

1935 Tortilla Flat is published

John Steinbeck's first successful novel, Tortilla Flat, is published on this day

1940 Belgium surrenders unconditionally

On this day in 1940, after 18 days of ceaseless German bombardment, the king of Belgium, having asked for an armistice, is given only unconditional surrender as an option. He takes it.

1961 Appeal for Amnesty

The London Observer, a British newspaper, launches "Appeal for Amnesty, 1961," a campaign that calls for the release of all people imprisoned because of the peaceful expression of their beliefs. Appeal for Amnesty was the brainchild of Peter Benenson, a Catholic lawyer who had advocated publicizing the plight of prisoners of conscience after learning of a group of students in Portugal who were jailed for raising a toast to "freedom" in a public restaurant. The campaign inspired the formation of Amnesty International later that year.

1969 U.S. troops abandon "Hamburger Hill"

U.S. troops abandon Ap Bia Mountain. A spokesman for the 101st Airborne Division said that the U.S. troops "have completed their search of the mountain and are now continuing their reconnaissance-in-force mission throughout the A Shau Valley."
1991 Ethiopian capital falls to rebels
Addis Ababa, the capital of Ethiopia, falls to forces of the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF), formally ending 17 years of Marxist rule in the East African country.

Born on this Day:
~ Jim Thorpe 1888-1953
~ Ian Fleming 1908-1964
~ Jerry West 1938-
~ Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau 1925-
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[22 Apr 2005|10:45am]
kiss_the_muse
I hope I'm not stepping on anyone's toes... and if I am then please delete this. :/

I hate it when people promote communities, but I promise promise this one is directly related to this community. I'd love to try to get lots of members and to see it grow to the size this one is.


todays_trivia

See if you like it, we'd love to have you. :)


and again... sorry if I bothered anyone!
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[15 Mar 2005|11:39am]

couch_historian
ahh, The Ides of March!
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[24 Feb 2005|08:55am]

sitaangel
1868 President Andrew Johnson impeached
1917 Zimmermann Note presented to U.S. ambassador
1946 Peron elected in Argentina
1988 Supreme Court defends right to satirize public figures
1991 Gulf War ground offensive begins
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[23 Feb 2005|09:42am]

sitaangel
U.S. FLAG ON IWO JIMA:
February 23, 1945

During the bloody Battle for Iwo Jima, U.S. Marines from the 3rd Platoon, E
Company, 2nd Battalion, 28th Division take the crest of Mount Suribachi, the
island's highest peak and most strategic position, and raise the U.S. flag.
Marine photographer Louis Lowery was with them and recorded the event. American
soldiers fighting for control of Suribachi's slopes cheered the raising of the
flag, and several hours later more Marines headed up to the crest with a larger
flag.
Read more..Collapse )
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[13 Feb 2005|09:13pm]

sitaangel
1689 William and Mary proclaimed

"Following Britain's bloodless Glorious Revolution, Mary, the daughter of the deposed king, and William of Orange, her husband, are proclaimed joint sovereigns of Great Britain under Britain's new Bill of Rights."


1831 John Rawlins born

"Union General John Rawlins is born in Galena, Illinois. Rawlins was a close personal aide to General Ulysses S. Grant and was reported to have kept Grant from drinking heavily during the war. "



1861 First Medal of Honor action

"The earliest military action to be revered with a Medal of Honor award is performed by Colonel Bernard J.D. Irwin, an assistant army surgeon serving in the first major U.S.-Apache conflict. Near Apache Pass, in southeastern Arizona, Irwin, an Irish-born doctor, volunteered to go to the rescue of Second Lieutenant George N. Bascom, who was trapped with 60 men of the U.S. Seventh Infantry by the Chiricahua Apaches. Irwin and 14 men, initially without horses, began the 100-mile trek to Bascom's forces riding on mules. After fighting and capturing Apaches along the way and recovering stolen horses and cattle, they reached Bascom's forces on February 14 and proved instrumental in breaking the siege."


1945 Firebombing of Dresden

"On the evening of February 13, 1945, a series of Allied firebombing raids begins against the German city of Dresden, reducing the "Florence of the Elbe" to rubble and flames, and killing as many as 135,000 people. It was the single most destructive bombing of the war--including Hiroshima and Nagasaki--and all the more horrendous because little, if anything, was accomplished strategically, since the Germans were already on the verge of surrender."
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